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Pediatric ophthalmology

Consulta Clínica Carriazo Barranquilla

Pediatric ophthalmology is responsible for evaluating and correcting any visual and ocular conditions occurring in children and minors, particularly those related to imbalances of the intraocular muscles. This includes the evaluation and surgical treatment of strabismus and congenital eye disorders.

Child consultations need to be handled differently from those for adults, which has made it imperative for ophthalmology to dedicate an area of subspecialty just for them. In this department, human and technological resources are focused on providing specialized management of the most common pathologies affecting children and detecting different risk factors.

Children's vision

Through vision, a child begins to recognize their environment. At birth, vision is immature and develops slowly through stimulation and time. For this reason, visual acuity is practically nonexistent and reaches its maximum level at the age of five. Any anomalies not diagnosed early can stop the development of vision and cause irreversible damage such as blindness or amblyopia.


Amblyopia is the loss of vision in one eye due to lack of use, refractive errors, or deviation of one of the eyes. It does not produce many symptoms and is only detected in routine check-ups.

What you need to know about pediatric ophthalmology?

What are the warning signs in children?

The main warning signs in children are:

-They get too close to the book when reading or watching TV.

-They frequently have red eyes and/or headaches.

-They have eye deviation.

-They rotate their eyes when viewing distant objects.

-They have a white or grayish pupil (leukocoria).

-They have different vision when covering one eye or the other.

-They turn their heads when trying to focus on an object.

When should I take my child to a pediatric ophthalmologist?

During the first month of life: to rule out serious eye diseases (glaucoma) and congenital malformations (cataracts).

At 7 months old: for early diagnosis of retinoblastoma, which is the most common intraocular malignant tumor in childhood.

At 4 years old: and from this age, every two years to evaluate visual acuity and detect refractive disorders.

What should I keep in mind before going to an appointment?

Before going to an appointment for the visual evaluation to be more effective, you should:

-Bring documentation.

-Feed the child beforehand. A child who is not hungry will cooperate better.

-The child should have slept before the exam.

-Do not combine the ophthalmologist’s appointment with other appointments such as dental, vaccination, etc.

What is strabismus?


Strabismus is a common eye disorder in children in which the eyes are not aligned and point to different directions. These deviations can be intermittent or permanent.

People normally have binocular vision, which means that both eyes focus on the same object and the brain merges the two images, resulting in a single three-dimensional image. When an eye deviates, two different images are formed.

A child’s brain learns to ignore the image of the deviated eye and only «sees» the image of the right eye, which is well aligned or has better vision.

As a consequence, there is a reduction in vision and a loss of depth perception.

Adults with strabismus experience double vision, because the brain is trained to receive images from both eyes and cannot ignore the image of the deviating eye.

Early detection of inadequate development of vision in one or both eyes (amblyopia) favors the success of strabismus treatments.

If treatment is postponed, amblyopia can become permanent and must be corrected with surgery.

Our specialist in pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus

If you have more doubts or questions, write to us to resolve all your doubts. At the Carriazo Clinic you will find the technology, warmth and quality to make your procedure an incredible experience.




Medical graduate from Universidad de Cartagena, specialist in pediatric ophthalmology, strabismus, and retinopathy of prematurity from Universidad del Valle.

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