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Neuroophthalmology

neurooftalmologia

Neuroophthalmology is the subspecialty of ophthalmology that focuses on preventing risk factors for eye and brain circulation. It plays a role in the diagnosis and treatment of migraines, thyroid eye disease, optic neuropathy of any type, eye movement disorders, tonic pupils, as well as provides appropriate treatment for patients with low vision, among other pathologies.

The brain coordinates the precise and conjugate movement of both eyes to create a singular and three-dimensional image. The electrical transmission can be affected by diseases of the optic nerve or the brain. The most common are circulatory, hereditary, metabolic, or autoimmune disorders.

This specialty helps in preventing risk factors for eye and brain circulation, participates in the diagnosis and treatment of migraines, thyroid eye disease, optic neuropathy of any type, eye movement disorders, tonic pupils, as well as indicates the appropriate treatment for patients with low vision, among other pathologies.

What is the optic nerve?

The optic nerve is located at the back of the eye, which connects to the brain. The optic nerve sends light signals to the brain to allow us to see.

Todo lo que necesitas saber sobre neuro oftalmología

What is done in a neuro-ophthalmology consultation?

First, a Neuro-ophthalmological examination is performed, followed by a request and evaluation of the appropriate complementary studies (in cases where they are necessary) with their availability almost immediate.

With the detailed clinical report, an individualized decision is made to treat the causes and/or symptoms.

It is important to carry out an evaluation of interventional treatments (nerve blocks, infiltrations, botulinum toxin) in necessary cases.

It is very important to keep in mind that the duration of a first-time consultation is approximately one hour.

What are the main symptoms of neuro-ophthalmological problems?

These are some of the main symptoms to go to an ophthalmologist specializing in neuro-ophthalmology.

  • Acute or progressive vision loss.
  • Temporary vision loss.
  • Loss of binocular vision.
  • Double vision (diplopia).
  • Eye or orbital pain.
    Migraine.
  • Tension headache.
  • Congenital or acquired eyelid alteration.
  • Visual hallucinations.
  • Suspected low-flow fistulas.
  • Pupillary alterations.
    Strabismus.
  • Facial paralysis.
    Involuntary movements in the eyelids and face.

 

What are the main neuro ophthalmological treatments?

Among the possible treatments are the following:

  • Application of Botulinum Toxin for blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, migraines.
  • Application of triamcinolone in a patient with thyroid exophthalmos.
  • Temporal artery biopsy.
  • Decompression of the optic nerve sheath in patients with papilledema.

What exams do they perform on me?

Some of the complementary exams that can be performed are the following:

  • Visual Potentials (VEP).
  • Electroretinogram (ERG).
  • Electrooculogram (EOG).
  • Photos of Optic Nerves.
  • OCT of optic nerves.
    Retina OCT.
  • Visual field.
  • Brain MRI with and without contrast.
    Angioresonance
    Carotid Doppler.
  • Lab tests.
  • Prismatic tests.
  • Contrast tests.

Our specialist in neuro ophthalmology

If you have more doubts or questions, write to us to resolve all your doubts. At the Carriazo Clinic you will find the technology, warmth and quality to make your procedure an incredible experience.

DRA. MARY CABARCAS SOLANO OFTALMÓLOGA, ESP. EN NEUROFTALMOLOGÍA

DR. MARY CABARCAS SOLANO

OPHT SPECIALIST NEURO OPHTHALMOLOGY

Graduated from Fundación Universitaria San Martin, Caribe headquarters, completed the sub-specialty at the Association for the Advancement of Ophthalmology in Caracas, Venezuela. Member of the Carriazo Clinic staff.

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